Higher Education: Annotated Bibliography

Jordan White

ENG 131.01

Professor Lucas

18 February 2014

Higher Education: Annotated Bibliography


            For my first unit paper of the semester I decided it would be best to discuss higher education.  We have formally discussed this topic during class; however, I chose this topic because higher education intrigues me.  There is so much that goes into higher education, from administration, to athletics, to students.  As an athlete and a student here at Lenoir-Rhyne, many aspects of higher education are of interest to me.

The bibliography that follows includes two essays from ‘They Say/ I Say” and a comic strip made by Matt Groening.  The two essays were written by Liz Addison and Charles Murray.  Addison’s essay “Two Years Are Better Than Four” and Murray’s essay “Are Too Many People Going to College?”

Since I am in just my second semester of college, I do not have much personal experience with higher education.  I can relate to the comic strip but not to the essays.  Reading the essays by Addison and Murray help me better understand higher education.

Annotated Bibliography

Groening, Matt. “Lesson 18: The 9 Types of College Teachers.” Plashing Vole.                                           Plashingvole.blogspot.com, 25 Oct. 2012, Web. 12 Feb. 2014.

In Matt Groening’s “The 9 Types of College Teachers”, Groening depicts the various teachers that college students will likely encounter.  The nine professors features “The Steady Droner” and “Nice Little Nobody”.  For all nine Groening lists advantages, drawbacks, and warnings.  “The Steady Droner” and “Nice Little Nobody” are both labeled with the warning “this is life”.  This is interesting because it’s hinting that you cannot choose your teachers.  At some point during time at college, you are going to get one of the nine teachers that Groening has drawn.  This is relatable for some to many college students.

Matt Groening, cartoonist, screenwriter, and producer of popular shows including The Simpsons and Futurama.

Murray, Charles. “Are Too Many People Going to College?” “They Say/I Say”: The Moves That   Matter in Academic Writing. 2nd ed. Ed. Gerald Graff, Cathy Birkenstein, and Russell           Durst. New York: Norton, 2012. 222-242. Print.

Murray argues very early on in his essay that students should learn more of their core teachings at an early age.  He argues that many of those who are going to college are not entirely ready to go.  The score that students need to earn on the SAT math and verbal tests to prove they are ready for college is roughly 1180.  As Murray notes, only 10% of eighteen-year-old Americans can achieve that score.  At that same age, slightly over 30% of eighteen-year-old Americans are going to college.  At the rate of those who are college ready versus the rate of those going to college, too many teens are going to college.  They are unprepared for what rigorous college courses demand.

Charles Murray works at the American Enterprise Institute, and has written articles for the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal, and the New York Times.

Addison, Liz. “Two Years Are Better Than Four” “They Say/I Say”: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing. 2nd ed. Ed. Gerald Graff, Cathy Birkenstein,      and Russell Durst. New York: Norton, 2012. 211-214. Print.

Though Addison’s essay in “They Say, I Say” is only four pages, she has a very important message for those who are considering attending college.  Addison argues that community college is a much better option for many teens.  Community college may not yield a bachelor’s degree like a large university; however, it can put an individual on his or her desired path for life.  Community college is a much underrated option for high school graduates.

Liz Addison went to community college and graduated in 2008.  She studies in London now and her essay in “They Say, I Say” was a runner-up in a New York Times Magazine college essay contest.


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